Still Waters


By Sam Campbell , Economics Today still-water-1

Water, that most fundamental of elements, is getting a second look at the Bophana Center, with 18 local artists exploring the concept ‘still water.’

Avoiding the obvious platitudes, Chum Noy, the cultural events man-ager, said that the exhibition is a step forward for the contemporary art scene in Phnom Penh.

An exhibit featuring live morning glory, a popular aqautic crop in Cambodia

An exhibit featuring live morning glory, a popular aqautic crop in Cambodia

Water has been central to the Khmer psyche for millennia, said Tith Veasna, the exhibition’s curators, pointing to the extensive hydrological infrastructure of the ancient Angkor empire and the pervasive wetlands that cover much of the country in wet season as examples of why.

The artists were asked, “How does water affect human life?” Tith Veasna added, resulting in sometimes complex considerations of the consequences of development, such as pollution and flooding. “To destroy the environment is not only to destroy ourselves, but also destroy the future,” she said.

Heim Ankanitha, 25, examines the disparity between traditional folk Cambodian traditions surrounding water and the actions of modern Cambodians. “People say water is life but they never think about water,” she said. Weddings were once held by the waters of Boeung Kak Lake in Phnom Penh, Heim Kannitha added, until steady encroachment and a growing population sent pollution levels soaring.

Her work, an intriguing trio of collages, questions the wisdom ignoring traditional attitudes, with a teeming wetland showing what’s at stake, and a giant question mark to underline the quandary.

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Hosting Disaster


gueshouse1

Tourism in Trouble as Growth takes a Holiday

By An Sithav, Economics Today

As the worsening financial meltdown leads many to opt for a static ‘staycation’ rather than a holiday, tourism, a pillar of Cambodia’s economy, is crumbling.

After growth of 18.5 percent in 2007 and around 5.5 percent last year, Ministry of Tourism figures show that the number of international visitor arrivals to Cambodia has been decreasing since October, with a 2 percent loss in January year-on-year.

Though the numbers seem in-significant, a small contraction could have serious effects, with a 3 percent annual loss translating to 63,000 less tourists, a US$50 million reduction in revenue and 10,000 lost jobs.

“Tourism numbers are down with Siem Reap being hit harder than Phnom Penh,” said Mark Ellison, managing director of Asia Adventures. “Some hoteliers in Siem Reap are reporting occupancy levels of only 25 to 30 percent in what is still the high season, and many travel agents are reporting that the low season has come early and forward or series bookings have dropped markedly. What bookings there are tend to be more last minute, rather than the usual months in advance.”

Regional Factors

Incredibly, even in the face of such damning statistics, some claimed that the tourism sector still could stabilize or even grow in the short term if obstacles are removed.

Ang Kim Eng, the current president of the Cambodian Association of Travel Agents (CATA), cited the dearth of direct flights to Cambodia as a major constraint. “Making more direct flights to Cambodia is important,” he said.

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Buy Khmer


Border dispute is prompting some Cambodians to rethink their consumer preferences

By Chan Boramey, Economics Today

When tensions broke out between Cambodia and Thailand over ancient temples along the border, food and drink shop keeper Ros Vo never expected it would be a boon for Cambodian-made products.

“I’m really surprised how many of my customers ask for Mee Yeung instant noodles,” Ros Vo told Eco-nomics Today. Mee Yeung noodles are produced by Men Sarun Company at the first wholly Cambodian-owned noodle factory to operate in the country. The company began producing packaged noodles late in June in Kandal province.

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ស្ថានភាព​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​កម្ពុជា​នា​ពេល​បច្ចុប្បន្ន


ដោយ ឈុន កុសល និង គឹម ណាតាឆា

ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា​សម្រេច​បាន​កំណើន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ពីរ​ខ្ទង់​ក្នុង​រយៈពេល​បួន​ឆ្នាំ​ជាប់​គ្នា​ចុងក្រោយ​នេះ។ ទោះ​ជា​យ៉ាង​នេះ​ក្ដី ស្ថានភាព​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​នា​បណ្ដា​ឆ្នាំ​ខាង​មុខ​ហាក់​មាន​ភាព​ពុំ​ប្រសើរ​ឡើយ ដោយសារ​អតិផរណា​ខ្ពស់, ការធ្លាក់ចុះ​លំនាំ​ចេញ​ផលិតផល​កាត់ដេរ និង​ការឈប់មាន​កំណើន​ក្នុង​វិស័យ​អចលនវត្ថុ​តទៅ​ទៀត។

យោង​តាម​ការប៉ាន់ស្មាន​ចុងក្រោយ​បំផុត​របស់​វិទ្យាស្ថាន​ជាតិ​ស្ថិតិ​ឱ្យ​ដឹង​ថា កំណើន​ផលិតផល​ក្នុងស្រុក​សរុប​របស់​កម្ពុជា​ក្នុង​ឆ្នាំ ២០០៧ ឈាន​ដល់ ១០.% គឺ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​កំណើន ១០.% ក្នុង​ឆ្នាំ ២០០៦ កំណើន ១៣.% ក្នុង​ឆ្នាំ ២០០៥ និង ១០.% ក្នុង​ឆ្នាំ ២០០៤ មក។

លោក នៅ សីហា អ្នក​ស្រាវជ្រាវ​ជាន់​ខ្ពស់​នៃ​វិទ្យាស្ថាន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​កម្ពុជា បាន​អះអាង​ថា បើ​និយាយ​តាម​បែប​ស្ថិតិ​វិញ តួលេខ​បែប​នេះ បាន​បង្ហាញ​ពី​ការចាប់ផ្ដើម​ចុះខ្សោយ​នៃ​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​កម្ពុជា”។ លោក​បាន​បន្ថែម​ទៀត​ថា កំណើន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ពីរ​ខ្ទង់​នឹង​លែង​កើត​មាន​មួយ​រយៈ​ពេល។

បន្ត​ការ​អាន

“សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ចំណេះ​ដឹង”


តើ​កម្ពុជា​ត្រៀម​ខ្លួន​រួច​ហើយ​ឫ​នៅ?

ដោយ គឹម ណាតាឆា

ប្រតិភូ​ជាង ៣០​រូប មក​ពី ប្រទេស​ចំនួន ១១ មាន​វត្តមាន​ក្នុង​សណ្ឋាគារ​ផ្កាយ​ប្រាំ​ដែល​មាន​កិត្យានុភាព​បំផុត​នៅ​ទីក្រុង​សេអ៊ូល​នៃ​ប្រទេស​កូរ៉េ​ខាង​ត្បូង​ដើម្បី​រៀនសូត្រ​អំពី​ចំណេះដឹង​នៃ​ផលិតកម្ម និង​ប្រើប្រាស់​វា​ក្នុង​យុត្តិសាស្ត្រ​អភិវឌ្ឍន៍​របស់​ខ្លួន​សំដៅ​ឱ្យ​មាន​កំណើន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច។

នៅ​ថ្ងៃ ២២ ខែ កុម្ភៈ ឆ្នាំ ២០០៨ ក្នុង​ចំណោម​ប្រិភូ ៣០​រូប មាន​ប្រតិភូ​កម្ពុជា​ចំនួន ៧​រូប ដែល​បាន​ចូលរួម​វេទិកា​កម្រិត​ខ្ពស់​ស្ដី​ពី​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ចំណេះដឹង ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​រៀបចំ​ឡើង​ដោយ​វិទ្យាស្ថាន​ធនាគារ​ពិភពលោក (WBI) និង​វិទ្យាស្ថាន​ដើម្បី ការអភិវឌ្ឍ​នៃ​ប្រទេស​កូរ៉េ (Korea Development Institute School) ។ អ្វី​ដែល​នៅ តែ​ជា​សំណួរ​នោះ​គឺ​ថា ៖ តើ​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា​អាច​ក្លាយ​ជា​កូរ៉េ​ខាង​ត្បូង​ទី​ពីរ ឬ​ឥណ្ឌា​ទី​ពីរ​ក្នុង​ការ​សម្រេច​បាន​កំណើន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ប្រកប​ដោយ​ចិរភាព​ក្នុង​រយៈពេល​វែង​ដែរ​ទេ?

តំណាង​ប្រចាំ​ប្រទេស​មក​ពី​អង្គការ​អភិវឌ្ឍន៍​នានា ត្រូវ​បាន​ជ្រើសរើស​ឱ្យ​ចូលរួម​ក្នុង​នោះ​រួម​មាន​សមាជិក​មួយ​រូប​របស់​ក្រុមប្រឹក្សា​គណៈកម្មការ​ឧត្ដមសិក្សា​របស់​ប្រទេស​ហ្វីលីព្ពីន មន្ត្រី​ផ្នែក​បច្ចេកវិទ្យា​ព័ត៌មាន និង​ទូរគមនាគមន៍​របស់​ប្រទេស​ឥណ្ឌូណេស៊ី និង​ម៉ាឡេស៊ី ក៏​ដូច​ជា​មន្ត្រី​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​សំខាន់ៗ និង​អ្នក​រកស៊ី​ដ៏​ឆ្នើមៗ​ពី​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា។ តំណាង​ស្ថាប័ន​ផ្សព្វផ្សាយ​ព័ត៌មាន​មួយ​ចំនួន​មក​ពី​ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម ហ្វីលីព្ពីន ប៉ាគីស្ថាន និង​កម្ពុជា ក៏​មាន​វត្តមាន​ផង​ដែរ។

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Blessed by oil


Conference highlights some lessons on avoiding the “resource curse”

By Hor Hab, Economics Today

The time for Cambodia to exploit its oil and gas resources is drawing nearer as national energy officials have announced that production of oil and gas will start in 2011.

“We will produce the first oil products for Cambodia in 2011 to reduce the import of oil,” Te Duong Tara, Director General of Cambodian National Petroleum Authority (CNPA) told VOA Khmer during a conference on oil and gas in late March.

This could be good news for the country because it will mean large revenues will be added to national accounts, which, government officials say, will be used to finance public investment programs.

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Receding Fortunes


Are we headed for a worldwide economic downturn?

By Kim Natacha

Economics Today

The world economy and market systems have been shaken in the last few months and several organizations have adjusted their growth projection for countries and for the world.

In an age of increasingly integrated economies, the 2007 US “subprime” crisis has been the snowball that has transformed into an avalanche, which threatens to submerge the world through financial crisis, plunging stock markets, runaway inflation and global recession.

Cambodia, like other countries, is not spared and its economic growth for 2008 has been revised downward to take into account this economic deflagration.

The country’s growth rate was 10.1 percent in 2007, according to the Ministry of Planning’s National Institute of Statistics. Early this year, analysts expected the economy to fare less well but still to remain strong with an 8-percent growth rate.

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