កាលពីព្រេងនាយ មាននិស្សិតម្នាក់ទើបតែបានបញ្ចប់ឧត្តមសិក្សា ហើយក៏លាគ្រូត្រឡប់ទៅស្រុកកំណើតវិញ។ នៅតាមផ្លូវទៅផ្ទះ គាត់ត្រូវធ្វើដំណើរកាត់ទន្លេមួយដោយជិះទូក។ នៅខណៈពេលធ្វើដំណើរ ពូអ្នកចែវទូក ចែវបណ្តើរ និយាយពីនេះពីនោះបណ្តើរ ប៉ុន្តែនិស្សិតយើងមានអារម្មណ៍រំខានក្រៃលែង ព្រោះគេយល់ថា អ្វីដែលអ្នកចែវទូកនិយាយសុទ្ធតែជាពាក្យមិនបានការ… ជាមនុស្ស«គ្មានគំនិត» ចេះតែប្រើកម្លាំងបាយចែវទូក។ ទ្រាំលែងបាន និស្សិតយើងក៏បន្លឺឡើងថា៖
-ពូឯងនិយាយច្រើនណាស់! បើពូឯងចូលចិត្តនិយាយច្រើនម្លឹងៗ ឥឡូវខ្ញុំសួរពូឯងមើល តើទស្សនវិជ្ជាជាអ្វី?
-ឧិលោកក្មួយអ្ហើយ! ពូមិនដឹងទេ … តាំងពីធំដឹងក្តីមក ពូចេះតែធ្វើស្រែ និងចែវទូកចម្លងអ្នកដំណើរប៉ុណ្ណោះ។
-គួរឲ្យស្តាយដែរ! គ្រាន់តែទស្សនៈវិជ្ជាជាអ្វី ក៏ពូឯងមិនដឹង។ ជីវិតពូឯងគ្មានន័យទេ ស្លាប់អស់ ៤៥% បាត់ទៅហើយ!
ពូអ្នកចែវទូក ពុំបានយកចិត្តទុកដាក់នឹងសម្តីឡែបខាយរបស់និស្សិតយើងឡើយ, គាត់គិតតែពីគាស់ច្រវា ហើយចាប់ផ្តើមនិយាយពីនេះពីនោះបន្តទៀត។
និស្សិតយើងកាន់តែរងការរំខានក្នុងចិត្តថែមទៀត ដោយនឹកថា និយាយឲ្យប៉ុណ្ណឹងហើយ គាត់នៅតែមិនយល់ន័យ ហើយនៅតែបើកមាត់និយាយទៀត។ ទ្រាំមិនបាន និស្សិតយើងក៏បន្លឺឡើងទៀតថា៖
-ហាស់! ហាស់! ហាស់! នេះបានហៅថា កើតមកស្ពាយល្ងង់មកតាម … សមជាអ្នកប្រើតែកម្លាំងបាយមែន! សូម្បីតែចិត្តសាស្ត្រជាអ្វី ក៏ពូឯងមិនស្គាល់… ហឺយ!!! ជីវិតរបស់ពូឯងស្លាប់អស់ ៩០% បាត់ទៅហើយ។
ពូអ្នកចែវទូកបានយល់ច្បាស់ពីការប្រមាថនេះ គាត់នឹកឆួលក្នុងចិត្ត ប៉ុន្តែគាត់ខំសម្រួលអារម្មណ៍ ហើយដកដង្ហើមមួយយ៉ាងវែងដើម្បីទប់កំហឹង។ គាត់ដឹងថា និស្សិតម្នាក់នេះមិនចូលចិត្តឲ្យគាត់និយាយអ្វីរំខានត្រចៀកគេទេ។ គាត់ក៏ឈប់និយាយស្តី សម្ងំគាស់ច្រវាបន្តសំដៅទៅត្រើយម្ខាង។
ពេលធ្វើដំណើរដល់ពាក់កណ្តាលទន្លេ ស្រាប់តែផ្ទៃមេឃដ៏ស្រស់ថ្លា ប្រែជាខ្មៅងងិត ព័ទ្ធដោយពពួកខ្មៅខ្មួលខ្មាញ់ និងធ្លាក់ខ្យល់ខ្លាំងត្រជាក់ស្រឺតស្រៀវស្រាញដល់ឆ្អឹងខ្នងអ្នកទាំងពីរ។ ពូអ្នកចែវទូកដឹងសភាពការណ៍ ក៏សួរទៅកាន់និស្សិតយើងថា៖
និស្សិត មិនខ្ចីឆ្លើយ គ្រាន់តែគ្រវីក្បាល។ គ្រាន់តែនិស្សិតយើងគ្រវីក្បាលមិនទាន់ផុត ព្យុះធំមួយក៏លេចធ្លោឡើងចំពោះមុខអ្នកទាំងពីរ។
-មើលទៅ ជីវិតក្មួយ ស្លាប់ ១០០% ហើយ នៅពេលនេះ។ ទោះយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ សូមឲ្យក្មួយមានសំណាងល្អណ៎ា! ពូហែលទៅកាន់ច្រាំងទន្លេមុនហើយ។ ៚
Historical information on the temples of Angkor Park originates from various sources, including writings, epigraphs, iconography, archaeology, ethnology, and language. And is only partially documented, in turn leaving us with an incomplete picture of a past which today is mainly corroborated by historical events, of which the most reliable evidence is to be found in it monuments. Based on that evidences, it is possible to trace Cambodia’s history from the first mention by the Chinese in the 1st century of the Funan Kingdom, up to the rise and fall of Chenla form the 6th to the 8th century, all the way through the glorious reign of the Khmer from the 9th to the 13th century, and to the subsequent decline of that splendid civilization in the 15th. The story of Angkor leaves us with a felling of humility and admiration as we wonder at he creative genius and artistic flair of the that highly gifted and culturally advanced civilization.
Funan and Chenla : Pre-Angkorian Period(1st – 8th century)
Though the newly Indianised princely states sometimes encompassed large areas. They were often no larger than a single fortified city. They warred among themselves , coalescing over time into a shifting set of larger states. According to the 3rd century Chinese chronicles, one of the Chinese’s principal trading partners and a dominant power in the region was the Indianised state of Funan centered today’s southern Vietnam and Cambodia. There is evidence that the Funanese spoke Mon-Khmer, strongly indicating a connection to later Angkorian and Cambodian civilization.
Funan was predominated over its smaller neighboring states, including the state of Chenla in northern of Cambodia. Over the later half of 6th century, Funan began to decline, losing its western territories. Chenla, already in the ascendant, conquered the Khmer sections of western Funan, while the Mon people won the extreme western section of Funan in present day Thailand. Later, Chenla seem to have gone on to conquer remainder land of Funan, signaling the beginning of the “Pre-Angkorian” period. Chenla Flourished for but for a short time. The third and last king of unified Chenla, Isanavarman I, constructed the Pre Angkorian temples of Sambo Prei Kuk near modern day Kompong Thom city. (If you come to Siem Reap from Phnom Penh by road, you will pass through Kompong Thom. With a few spares hours, it is possible to make a side trip to these Pre-Angkor ruins.
Overcoming doubt is easy, if you don’t doubt it, of course. However, most of us entertain an element of doubt in our minds about being successful whenever we try something new. In fact, almost everyone is in some way plagued with doubt of some kind. Take science, for example. Do you think all the scientific advancement achieved would have been possible without questioning the prevailing assumptions at the beginning? Suppose you want to start a business or launch a novel project. Are you absolutely sure that it will succeed? There is always a little fear or doubt at the beginning.
Despite your doubt, you cannot let it keep you from your ultimate goal. The reason is simple. You must be prepared to risk failure because it is important for overcoming doubt. Dive right in to whatever it is without being making rash decisions. Don’t worry, you won’t dive in without the right gear. You will analyze all of the possible consequences of your situation and you will embrace the outcome, whatever it may be. This is the secret to conquering doubt. Have courage to fight it out and you are sure to defeat it.
Belief is the enemy of doubt. Learn to think positively and believe in your ability to be successful. Remember you will succeed if you think you will and you will fail if you think that too. Your thoughts are self-fulfilling prophecies so you must stop thinking negatively. Likewise, never pay heed to the people who discourage you, who revel in planting doubts in you and who are actually wolves in sheep’s clothing. Always be in the company of those people whose thoughts and attitudes to life in general are positive.
When failure strikes
You probably won’t be fortunate to never experience failure in your life. However, you must understand that it is part of life. These are the times when failure fills your mind with doubt and it is hard to muster the confidence you built up earlier in the process. You can’t let go of your commitment, no matter how shaken you are by failure. In fact, any setback should only prompt you to double your resolve to make another attempt at reaching your goal. In order for this to happen, train your mind to build your self-control and self-confidence. Every step towards self confidence helps get rid of doubt and you will be back to your successful ways once again.
Remember some amount of doubt can always be helpful in gaining wisdom or achieving advancement in life. But when it becomes a cause for your depression and inactivity or when it stands like an insurmountable hurdle in your way to reach your destination, draw upon your energy reserves that can toughen up your mind. You have to strengthen your will to succeed at all costs and weaken doubt by all possible means, so that you will lead a life of fulfillment.
You may succeed because of your doubt or in spite of your doubt. Or, you may have to accept the inevitable and compromise with whatever worst-case scenario that presents itself. If this happens, just change course, re-energize your cylinders and start afresh on your revised path. Defeat doubt before it defeats you.
Life is a mission, not a career. A career is a profession. A mission is a cause. A career asks, “What’s in it for me?” A mission asks, “How can I make a difference?” Martin Luther King’s mission was to ensure civil rights for all people. Ghandhi’s mission was to liberate 300 million Indians. Mother Teresa’s mission was to clothe the naked and feed the hungry.
These are extreme examples. You don’t have to change the world to have a mission. As educator Maren Mouritsen says, “Most of us will never do great things. But we can do small things in a great way.”
_From the book 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens
By Bella DePaulo, Ph.D.
Have you heard that single people are miserable and lonely and die alone in their empty apartments where they are eaten by their cats? That’s what I heard, too. So I set out to discover the truth of these matters. Guess what? It is not just the cat thing that’s a myth. All of those insulting claims about the lives of single people are wrong, wrong, wrong! Here’s a rundown of the myths I found while looking at the reality of being unattached today.
Myth #1: Singles are less happy than married people
Boo-hoo, poor you! That’s what friends and family sometimes think of people who are single. They are so wrong! First, most single people are not miserable — not even close. On the average, single people are always on the happy end of the scale; that’s true in every study I know of. Second, getting married hardly បន្តការអាន
ជីវិត គឺជាបេសកកម្ម មិនមែនជាអាជីព។ អាជីព គឺជាវិជ្ជាវៈ, បេសកកម្មគឺជាបុព្វហេតុ។ អាជីពសួរថា «តើមានអ្វីចំណេញដល់ខ្ញុំ?»… ឯបេសកកម្មសួរថា «តើខ្ញុំធ្វើយ៉ាងណា ដើម្បីឲ្យប្លែកខុសពីនេះ?»។ បេសកកម្មរបស់វិរបុរស Martin Luther King គឺដើម្បីធានាបាននូវសិទ្ធិពលរដ្ឋ សម្រាប់មនុស្សទូទៅ។ បេសកកម្មរបស់ Ghandi គឺដើម្បីរំដោះប្រជាជនឥណ្ឌា ៣០០ លាននាក់។ បេសកកម្មរបស់ Mother Teresa គឺដើម្បីផ្តល់ការស្លៀកពាក់ដល់អ្នកដែលគ្មានអ្វីរុំខ្លួន និងបំពេញក្រពះរបស់ជនស្រេកឃ្លាន។
ទាំងនេះគឺជាឧទាហរណ៍ធំៗ ប៉ុន្តែយើងមិនចាំបាច់ផ្លាស់ប្តូរពិភពលោក ទើបហៅថា មានបេសកកម្មនោះទេ។ ដូចគ្រូបង្រៀនម្នាក់ឈ្មោះ Maren Mouritsen បាននិយាយដូច្នោះថា «ភាគច្រើននៃយើងរាល់គ្នា នឹងមិនអាចធ្វើអ្វីបានធំដុំអស្ចារ្យទេ ប៉ុន្តែយើងអាចធ្វើរឿងតូចតាច តាមមធ្យោបាយដ៏អស្ចារ្យមួយ»។
_សៀវភៅ ទម្លាប់ ៧ យ៉ាង របស់យុវជនឆ្នើម